Sun safety for kids
It is just common sense to practice sun safety for kids at all times. Why? Because the reality for me is that a blistering sunburn during childhood has the potential of increasing the risk of cancer later in life. There are many organizations that proclaim that during your childhood you will obtain at least 80% of your lifetime's exposure to the sun. I would like to see the statistics behind this as I am sure there are variables not accounted for such as different geographic areas, or different cultures, plus occupations and recreations that require being outdoors for many hours every day!
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Protect your children by following these tips from the American Academy of Dermatology and the American Academy of Pediatrics:
- Avoid unnecessary exposure to the sun. Generally, the sun's UVB rays are strongest between 10 am and 3 pm and these are the rays that cause a sunburn. This varies depending on the time of year and your geographical location. However, UVA rays cause a deeper damage to the skin and can penetrate clouds and even glass. They are not the rays that cause a sunburn but are just as important, if not more so, than UVB rays to avoid. Other aspects to contend with are reflections off sand, water, snow or even some shady spots. So if your child is going to be outdoors, if aware of sun safety for kids, use a sunscreen if they are likely to be exposed for longer than 30 minutes. A little bit of sunshine without getting burnt is good for Vitamin D creation, but this only requires about 20 minutes depending on their skin type.
- Choose a non-toxic, non-chemical sunscreen and apply correctly. If you do choose to use a sunscreen, it is an absolute waste of time to buy one that is toxic and then slather it all over your young child! Their skin is delicate and not as equipped as our adult weathered skin and so will absorb the toxins rapidly and readily. So take time to choose one that is non-toxic, without any harmful chemicals that will be absorbed into their skin. The physical or mineral sunscreens, like zinc oxide, will stay on the surface of the skin and reflect both of the sun's rays - ie. both UVA and UVB. Apply the sunscreen generously before your child goes out in the sun - not after you notice their skin getting red! Don't forget the classic areas that are traditionally forgotten - nose, chin, ears, hands, feet and behind the neck. Make sure you reapply the sunscreen every 2 to 3 hours, or especially after sweating or swimming.
- Wear Protective Clothing. Getting your child into the habit of wearing a hat from a young age is a real winner! This will develop into a life-long habit that will serve them really well in warding off UV damage. Besides hats, there are many great clothing ranges available that contain specific sun protective qualities and many are designed for practical outdoor activities. Protective clothing, hats with brims, and sunglasses are also available for babies. A large umbrella or shade of sorts at the beach or picnic or such, is hugely welcome where sun safety for kids is concerned.
- Some medications cause sun sensitivities. If your child is under any sort of prescription medicine, make sure to establish whether or not they may cause the skin to be extra sensitive to the sun. This can cause a sunburn if you are not made aware and able to take extra precautions. Prescription antibiotics, malaria tablets and acne medications are the most common known to cause this condition.
- Make sure you are a great example to follow. If you don't care about your own sun safety, how can you possibly practice any legitimate sun safety for kids? So, make sure to set a good example for your kids.
There's even a web site devoted solely to sun safety for kids. Started by a group of dermatologists from The Los Angeles Metropolitan Dermatological Society in 2001, they wanted to create a "Comprehensive Guide to Sun Safety for Schools" . The result is this web site where they focus on sun protection primarily, with school sun safety policy encouragement, plus they have recommendations for finding hats, sunscreens, shade trees, and shade structures. There are also information and activity sheets for children for school or even home use, a sample curriculum, plus some other ideas.
Sun Safety for Kids is currently participating in a five-year school policy development program funded by the National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health. Additional participants include the University of Southern California, the University of Minnesota, and Klein-Buendel, Inc., a Colorado-based health communication firm.
United States Environmental Protection Agency UV Index and Sunwise Program
There is a whole lot of information on the UV Index created by the United States Environment Protection Agency, including the following:
They have also created a sunwise program.
One interesting point they make is that there is an easy way to tell how much UV exposure you are getting by looking for your shadow:
- If your shadow is taller than you are (in the early morning and late afternoon), your UV exposure is likely to be low.
- If your shadow is shorter than you are (around midday), you are being exposed to high levels of UV radiation. Seek shade and protect your skin and eyes.
Video - sun safety for kids
And then there is this cute little video for kids on sun protection. Recommended for children ages 2 and up, it aims to help young children understand the importance of sun protection through this fun, four minute, sing-along video.